Know the 4 degrees of acne and know how each one should be treated

Acne degree 1 – Acne comedoniana

Characteristics: It is the most common, with blackheads (comedones or black and light spots) especially on the forehead, nose, chin and cheeks.

Who is more likely to have: It can occur from 9 years of age and also affects adolescents, young adults and older people. In short: practically anyone.

How to treat at home: With proper hygiene with soaps containing astringent and keratolytic substances (such as salicylic acid, adapalene and retinoids).

How to treat in the dermatologist’s office: With peelings of salicylic acid, retinoic acid and crystal.

Acne Grade 2 – Acne Pustular Acne

Characteristics: It presents papules (red balls) and points of pus, besides blackheads. In some cases, it is painful. It may be an untreated grade 1 course.

Who is more likely to have: Teens and young adults.

How to treat at home: Similarly to grade 1 + active with anti-inflammatory function, such as benzoyl peroxide. It may be necessary to take topical and oral antibiotics, but this only the dermatologist can determine and prescribe.

How to treat in the dermatologist’s office: With peelings of salicylic acid, Jessner and retinoic and also with blue light (which has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory function and controls the oiliness of the skin).

Acne Grade 3 – Acne Cystic Node

Characteristics: It has inflamed nodules and cysts, usually accompanied by local pain. Popularly refer to the characteristics of this skin as “internal pimples”.

Who is more likely to have: Teens and young adults.

How to treat at home: With adequate hygiene and benzoyl peroxide associated with adapalene. Topical and oral antibiotics are required and, if they do not show satisfactory results, oral isotretinoin medicinal products are entered into the treatment.

How to treat in the dermatologist’s office: With chemical peels, light blue, clearing of the lesions and, if necessary, infiltration with corticosteroids.

Acne degree 4 – Acne conglobata

Characteristics: It presents inflamed nodules and cysts that are very close to each other and can join, forming a great lesion. When they heal, they can leave marks on the skin.

Who is more likely to have: Male teens.

How to treat at home: With oral medications based on isotretinoin.

How to treat in the dermatologist’s office: With infiltration of the lesions with corticoid + antibiotic, drainage of the cysts and clinical treatment.

Know the 4 degrees of acne and know how each one should be treated
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